The Utilities Board of the City of Oneonta

Oneonta, Alabama

PWS ID #:AL0000103

 

2016 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

 

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) wants you to know:

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  Food and Drug Administration regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water that must provide the same protection for public health.  All drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. 

More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).  The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and radioactive material, and it can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

 

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:

Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife.  Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming.  Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses.  Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems.  Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

 

Important Information About Lead:

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. Oneonta Utilities Board is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

 

Notes:

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population.  Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections.  These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers.  EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791).

 

The state allows us to monitor for some contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently.  Some of our data, though accurate, are more than one year old. 

 

Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of the water.  We monitor it because it is a good indicator of water quality.  High turbidity can hinder the effectiveness of disinfectants.

 

Based on a study conducted by ADEM with the approval of the EPA, a statewide waiver for the monitoring of asbestos and dioxin was issued.  Thus, monitoring for these contaminants was not required.

 

 

 

 

Table of Primary Contaminants

At high levels, primary contaminants are known to pose health risks to humans.  This table includes results of all primary contaminant monitoring

CONTAMINANT

MCL

Amount Detected

CONTAMINANT

MCL

Amount Detected

Bacteriological

Endothall

100 ppb

ND

Total Coliform Bacteria

< 5%

ND

Endrin

2 ppb

ND

Turbidity

TT

 201   

Epichlorohydrin

TT

ND

Radiological

Glyphosate

700 ppb

ND

Beta/photon emitters (mrem/yr)

4

ND

Heptachlor

400 ppt

ND

Alpha emitters (pCi/L)

15

ND

Heptachlor epoxide

200 ppt

ND

Combined radium (pCi/L)

5

0.3

Hexachlorobenzene

1 ppb

ND

Inorganic

Lindane

200 ppt

ND

Antimony (ppb)

6 ppb

ND

Methoxychlor

40 ppb

ND

Arsenic (ppb)

10 ppb

ND

Oxamyl [Vydate]

200 ppb

ND

Barium (ppm)

2 ppm

0.019

PCBs

500 ppt

ND

Beryllium (ppb)

4 ppb

ND

Pentachlorophenol

1 ppb

ND

Cadmium

5 ppb

ND

Picloram

500 ppb

ND

Chromium

100 ppb

2

Simazine

4 ppb

ND

Copper *

1.3 ppm

0.24

Toxaphene

3 ppb

ND

Cyanide

200 ppb

ND

Benzene

5 ppb

ND

Fluoride

4 ppm

ND

Carbon Tetrachloride

5 ppb

ND

Lead (ppb) *

AL=15

ND

Chlorobenzene

100 ppb

ND

Mercury

2 ppb

ND

Dibromochloropropane

200 ppt

ND

Nitrate

10 ppm

1.28

0-Dichlorobenzene

600 ppb

ND

Nitrite

1 ppm

ND

p-Dichlorobenzene

75 ppb

ND

Selenium

50 ppb

ND

1,2-Dichloroethane

5 ppb

ND

Thallium

2 ppb

ND

1,1-Dichloroethylene

7 ppb

ND

*90th percentile of the most recent sampling event.

Cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene

70 ppb

ND

Organic Chemicals

trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene

100 ppb

ND

2,4-D

70 ppb

ND

Dichloromethane

5 ppb

ND

2,4,5-TP (Silvex)

50 ppb

ND

1,2-Dichloropropane

5 ppb

ND

Acrylamide

TT

ND

Ethylbenzene

700 ppb

ND

Alachlor

2 ppb

ND

Ethylene dibromide

50 ppt

ND

Atrazine

3 ppb

ND

Styrene

100 ppb

ND

Benzo(a)pyrene[PAHs]

200 ppt

ND

Tetrachloroethylene

5 ppb

ND

Carbofuran

40 ppb

ND

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

70 ppb

ND

Chlordane

2 ppb

ND

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

200 ppb

ND

Dalapon

200 ppb

ND

1,1,2-Trichloroethane

5 ppb

ND

Di-(2-ethylhexyl)adipate

400 ppb

ND

Trichloroethylene

5 ppb

ND

Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalates

6 ppb

ND

TTHM

80 ppb

36.9

Dinoseb

7 ppb

ND

Toluene

1 ppm

ND

Diquat

20 ppb

ND

Vinyl Chloride

2 ppb

ND

Chloramines

4 ppm

ND

Xylenes

10 ppm

ND

Chlorite

1 ppm

ND

TOC

TT

2.5

HAA5(ppb)

60 ppb

30

Chlorine

4 ppm

2.15

Unregulated Contaminants Table

CONTAMINANT

Low Result, PPM

High Result, PPM

CONTAMINANT, PPM

Low Result, PPM

High Result, PPM

1,1 - Dichloropropene

ND

ND

Chloroform

ND

0.0312

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane

ND

ND

Chloromethane

ND

ND

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

ND

ND

Dibromochloromethane

ND

0.0044

1,1-Dichloroethane

ND

ND

Dibromomethane

ND

ND

1,2,3 - Trichlorobenzene

ND

ND

Dicamba

ND

ND

1,2,3 - Trichloropropane

ND

ND

Dichlorodifluoromethane

ND

ND

1,2,4 - Trimethylbenzene

ND

ND

Dieldrin

ND

ND

1,3 - Dichloropropane

ND

ND

Hexachlorobutadiene

ND

ND

1,3 - Dichloropropene

ND

ND

p-Isoprpylbenzene

ND

ND

1,3,5 - Trimethylbenzene

ND

ND

M-Dichlorobenzene

ND

ND

2,2 - Dichloropropane

ND

ND

Methomyl

ND

ND

3-Hydroxycarbofuran

ND

ND

MTBE

ND

ND

Aldicarb

ND

ND

Metolachlor

ND

ND

Aldicarb Sulfone

ND

ND

Metribuzin

ND

ND

Aldicarb Sulfoxide

ND

ND

N - Butylbenzene

ND

ND

Aldrin

ND

ND

Naphthalene

ND

ND

Bromobenzene

ND

ND

N-Propylbenzene

ND

ND

Bromochloromethane

ND

ND

O-Chlorotoluene

ND

ND

Bromodichloromethane

ND

0.0080

P-Chlorotoluene

ND

ND

Bromoform

ND

0.0010

P-Isopropyltoluene

ND

ND

Bromomethane

ND

ND

Propachlor

ND

ND

Butachlor

ND

ND

Sec - Butylbenzene

ND

ND

Carbaryl

ND

ND

Tert - Butylbenzene

ND

ND

Chloroethane

ND

ND

Trichlorfluoromethane

ND

ND

 

 

 

Table of Detected Contaminants

CONTAMINANT

MCLG

MCL

Range Detected

Amount Detected

Likely Source of Contamination

Bacteriological

Turbidity

N/A

TT

4

-

201

102

NTU

Soil Runoff

Radiological

 

 

min         max

 

 

 

Combined Radium

0

5

0.3

-

0.3

0.3

ppm

Erosion of natural deposits

Inorganic Chemicals

 

min         max

 

 

Barium

2

2

0.019

-

0.019

0.019

ppm

Discharge of drilling wastes; discharge of metal refineries; erosion of natural deposits

Chromium

100

0.1

2

-

2

2

ppb

Discharge from steel or pulp mills; erosion of natural deposits

Nitrate

10

10

0.39

-

1.28

0.83

ppm

Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits

Copper

1.3

1.3

ND

-

0.79

0.39

ppm

Corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of natural deposits; leaching from wood preservatives (90th Percentile Value)

Organic Chemicals

 

 

min         max

 

 

 

HAA5

0

60

ND

-

30

15

ppb

By-product of drinking water chlorination

TTHM

0

80

ND

-

36.9

18.5

ppb

By-product of drinking water chlorination

TOC

TT

TT

0.6

-

2.5

1.6

ppm

Runoff from industrial, urban and natural soils; Decomposition of plant material in surface water

Chlorine

 

4

1.09

-

2.15

1.62

ppb

Drinking water additive for bacterial disinfection

 

 

Secondary Drinking Water Standards Table

Parameters (mg/L)

MCLG

MCL

Low Result

High Result

Parameters (mg/L)

MCLG

MCL

Low Result

High Result

pH

7

Monitored

7.9

7.9

Aluminum

0

0.2

0.11

0.11

Color, APHA (units)

N/A

15

ND

ND

Copper

N/A

1

ND

ND

Odor

N/A

3

ND

ND

Iron

0

0.3

ND

ND

Foaming Agents

N/A

0.5

ND

ND

Manganese

0

0.05

0.02

0.02

TDS

0

500

172

172

Silver

0

0.1

ND

ND

Fluoride

N/A

2.0

ND

ND

Zinc

0

5

ND

ND

Sulfate

0

250

47.2

47.2

Total Hardness

0

Monitored

79

79

Chloride

N/A

250

7.98

7.98

Corrosivity

N/A

N/A

Non Corrosive

Non Corrosive

 

 

 

Utilities Board of the City of Oneonta

PWS ID # AL0000103

205-274-2159

 

2016 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

 

What’s the Quality of My Water?

 

The Utilities Board of the City of Oneonta has been providing clean water to your community since 1917, helping to keep you and your family healthy.  We take this mission very seriously.  Our constant goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water.  This report covers January 1 through December 31, 2016.  The Utilities Board of the City of Oneonta’s drinking water supply surpassed the strict regulations of both the State of Alabama and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which requires all water suppliers to prepare reports like this every year.

 

Our water sources are groundwater pumped from the Fort Payne Chert Aquifer and surface water from the Calvert Prong of the Warrior River.  We treat your water by the use of disinfection and filtration to remove or reduce harmful contaminants that may come from the source water. 

 

At the Utilities Board of the City of Oneonta we work around the clock to provide top quality water to every tap.  We ask that all of our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community, our way of life and our children’s future.  Please feel free to visit us during our working hours or call if you have questions regarding the contents of this report.

 

If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water quality, please contact Jerry Smith or Rodney McCain at 205-274-7650.  We want our valued customers to be informed about their water quality.  If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regularly scheduled meetings.  They are held on the second Monday of each month at 5:00 PM at the office of the Utilities Board of the City of Oneonta.  Our offices are located at 105 High School Street, Oneonta, AL. Please visit us on our website at www.oneontautilities.com.

 

 


Utilities Board of the City of Oneonta:                                           Staff

George Reid, Chairman                                              Rodney McCain, General Manager        Chris Harvey, Vice-Chairman                                               

Jerry Smith, Superintendent

Delynn Gibbs, Secretary/Treasurer

Allen Stoffregen, Director

Mark Gargus, Director


 

The Utilities Board of the City of Oneonta has completed a Source Water Assessment Plan (SWAP).  The SWAP is designed to tell us certain information about our source water so that we as a water supplier and you as a water consumer can better preserve and protect our source water.  For more information on the SWAP, please contact Jerry Smith or Rodney McCain at 205-274-7650.

 

 

 

 

Definitions

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL):  The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG):  The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal or MRDLG:  The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control micobial contaminants.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level or MRDL:  The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

Action Level (or AL):  The concentration of a contaminant that triggers treatment or other requirement, a water system shall follow.

Treatment Technique (or TT):  A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

NTU (or Nephelometric Turbidity Units):  A measure of clarity.

ND:  Not detectable at testing limits.

PPB (or parts per billion):  micrograms per liter (ug/l).  One part per billion corresponds to a single penny in $10,000,000.

PPM (or parts per million):  milligrams per liter (mg/l).  One part per million corresponds to a single penny in $10,000.

pCi/L (or picocuries per liter):  a measure of radioactivity.

FDA:  Food and Drug Administration.

CDC:  Centers for Disease Control.

EPA:  Environmental Protection Agency.

ADEM:  Alabama Department of Environmental Management.